Is this ‘fixable’ by merely taking a proper vote? Clear is one thing, IF the GFCC decides, the new law conforms to the constitution, then the president has to sign. Stay informed on Intellectual Property law & developments. This post is part of the following categories: Brexit, EU, France, Germany, Italy, Patents and SPCs, Pharma, Spain. Germany’s Federal Financial Supervisory Authority, better known by its abbreviation “BaFin”,... Read more . The granted patents correspond roughly. How this happens is well known and hardly a surprise, given that this is precisely what happened in 2017 (when, as I recall, there were no complaints about this aspect of German law / practice). The decision could leave it open to the Bundestag to try to pass the Act again with the required two-thirds majority. For users to bring important cases to it needs to be trustworthy. Ratifying a text comprising the famous Art 7(2) UPCA mentioning London as location for a section of the Central Division of the UPC was inviting trouble. Judges in Germany have dealt what may be a fatal blow to the project to create a Unified Patent Court (UPC) in Europe. 100 Victoria Embankment. Do you really think that there is a need for a EPLA “light” for 8,8 % of granted EP? This should be evident to everyone who has bothered to read at least the first two pages of the FCC decision. Previous ; 1.... 10; 11; 12; Do you have any questions? The UPC suffers from a birth defect which is difficult to overcome: trying to combine an open convention not limited to EU member states as far patent granting is concerned with a closed convention about the use of the title so granted and only valid for some EU member states. So, what makes the Federal President override the will of the parliament? I have to (readily) disagree with your assessment as to what is ‘THE’ hard question in substantive patent law. Several reasons were assserted to achieve the requested nullification of the ratification legislation. Often it is on the mainland but sometimes the rigour and penetration of English fact-finding is worth the high cost, in order to get justice in court. The German ratification of the Unified Patent Court Agreement has been put on hold at the request of the German Federal Constitutional Court. In a written statement in the House of Commons on Monday, the British undersecretary for … Unified Patent Court Breaking: German UPC legislation challenged again by constitutional complaints. According to Art 49(5) UPCA, at the request of one of the parties and after having heard the other parties and the competent panel the President of the Court of First Instance may, on grounds of fairness and taking into account all relevant circumstances, including the position of parties, in particular the position of the defendant, decide on the use of the language in which the patent was granted as language of proceedings. The FCC has confirmed this in answer to questions by Kluwer IP Law. First thought that comes to my mind is that while lobbying power increasingly sways the outcome in the legislative (Berlin) and executive (Brussels) pillars of a Three Pillar democracy running under the Rule of Law, it is (still, at least in Western Europe) less effective at setting the outcome at the FCC in Karlsruhe, within the judicative pillar of our democracy. The notion of One World Order is but a reflection that other factors do exist. It is this complexity that compels (and not I) for the topic to be “banged on about.”. It’s not enough. Courts are there to uphold the applicable law and constitution. UK Withdrawal from the UPCA. Near identical patent law and systems to the UK. Later “Patent Translate”, i.e. The number of true multinational litigations can thus be counted on the fingers of one hand. According to JUVE Patent sources, they are to go temporarily to Paris and Munich. Patent litigation specialist Dr. Michael Schneider of Pinsent Masons, the law firm behind Out-Law, welcomed the development but said that it does not mean an immediate start for the new court system, which he … According to Art 49(4) UPCA, with the agreement of the parties the competent panel may, on grounds of convenience and fairness, decide on the use of the language in which the patent was granted as the language of proceedings. Under point 4, a discussion about a formal check whether the new law conforms to the constitution is discussed, and also a material discussion, which seems to be contended. Thanks for the article James. It was actually partially upheld. But I would add to that list those juristic entities that operate pan-national sovereignty style (including what I have labeled as ‘Big Tech,’ but really are more than that: Trans-National Corporations). zu den einzelnen Argumenten Übungsfall 7 Rn. That you would have like EPLA to be in force is no surprise as the UK could still participate in spite of Brexit. From Juracademy – Bundespräsident: terms and conditions; privacy … And to respect the separation of powers, the German Bundespräsident does not sign after such a request but awaits the outcome of the complaint. Margaret Thatcher was very much in favour. It is a great pity that the EU got involved (interfered) in this process back in the early 2000s, when it proposed the community patent and then claimed that the adoption of the Brussels Regulation made the proposed optional protocol to the EPC (EPLA/EPLC common court arrangement) unlawful without EU involvement. The Agreement on a Unified Patent Court has since been ratified by 15 EU Member States. Internationally, a solution for the London UPC divisions has been discussed. Hiergegen wird eingewandt, dass diese Kriterien viel zu vage seien und der Bundespräsident auch bei nicht evidenten, aber trotzdem bestehenden Verfassungsverstößen ebensowenig verpflichtet werden könne, das Gesetz auszufertigen. But we are still not yet there. [Dimmer brothers are sometimes jealous]. Tags:Brexit, European Union, German Federal Constitutional Court, intellectual property, patent, Unified Patent Court, Posted In:Courts, Europe, Government, International, IP News, IPWatchdog Articles, Patents. Too difficult, it seems. Send. Cancel. The laws legislators make have to fit with the constitution. Such persons have a tendency to lie, subjecting the populace of their country to gaslighting on an industrial scale to achieve their ill-conceived and self-destructive dreams (I won’t call them plans). I write to support Peter Parker’s accountability point. The Unified Patent Court (UPC) project can survive despite a Friday morning ruling in Germany that the country's ratification of the plans was "void", a Munich-based patent litigator has said. You might therefore be quite solitary in thinking “That position (illegality under EU law) was something I personally never believed withstood proper analysis”. As reported here, the draft legislation required for Germany to ratify the Unified Patent Court Agreement (UPCA) and the Protocol on Provisional Application is currently being considered by Bundestag committees before it returns to the Bundestag for a second reading. I might have been long, but I am sure that very few people have an idea what the language regimen before the UPC are, and the intricacies it entails. As it is, it may never happen. USPTO Releases Benchmark Study on the Artificial Intelligence Patent Landscape. A reply for the UPC member states is however easy as it can be brought in direct relation with the number of validations in their member states. For more information or to contact James, visit his Firm Profile Page. Since then, more EPC member states have signed up to the UP package … thereby accepting a system in which fewer (and, eventually, zero) translations would be required to “validate” a (unitary) patent in their territory. In case the official language is used over the chosen language, each order and decision shall be accompanied with a certified translation for enforcement. Legislators are there to make the law. The Unified Patent Court (UPC) – structure, staffing and instances. A not unsurprising development – the same causes as the last time were potentially liable to have the same consequences. The identity of the plaintiffs is currently unclear, as is whether German ratification of the Unified Patent Court will now have to be halted again. Phasing out post grant translations is happening anyway and central renewal fee collection could be agreed. Simultaneous interpretation during an oral hearing before the UPC (=oral proceedings before the EPO) is foreseen, cf. But all the companies involved can certainly afford the costs of a multinational litigation. 11 September, 2020 . It would set up a single court, with branches across Europe, to hear disputes on the validity and infringement of European patents. Based on official figures of the EPO, the number of patents applications originating from EU members states represent 45% of all applications at the EPO, whereby 34,2 % stem from EU member states and 32,9% from UPCA member states. When one looks at the language regimen before the UPC, the following becomes apparent: The result of the pemetrexed case show that there is a consensus about the use of Art 69EPC and its Protocol. The members of all parliaments having ratified the UPCA have certainly not heard about all these problems. The UPC could then start its work in 2022. Then could you please explain why the FCC has again requested that the ratification proceedings be suspended, although the formal deficiencies were apparently removed? This makes the bridge to nowhere look like a bargain. It does not come as a surprise that for the second time the GFCC asked President Steinmeier not to sign the ratification bill. I can think of one reason why commentators might now decide to criticise the way that the FCC and the Bundespräsident work together. In Germany the notion of the statutory judge is very important. The UPC Preparatory Committee said that, despite the decision, “the preparatory work will continue, while the judgment and the way forward is further analysed.”. To make sure you do not miss out on regular updates from the Kluwer Patent Blog, please subscribe here. Why would you want to clench tight your eyes to such? I am extremely disappointed that the first case did not exhaust the matter. 20 March 2020. As a court established by treaty participating in the interoperation of European Union law, it bears similarities to the Benelux Court of Justice. This could significantly improve harmonisation / predictability of the outcome of patent infringement actions in different EPC member states. R 109(5) UPCA Speaking as a Brit, there would be a rather delicious irony about such a result. Brexit Britain changes its mind, says non, nein, no to Europe's unified patent court – potentially sealing its fate UK.gov decision to back out of UPC smacks of ideology over commonsense. Should the EU strive to create for itself a “single market”? However, there must be some doubt in the current climate about whether (and when) the German government will be willing to bring forward another Act, whether it would secure the two-thirds majority, and – even if it did – whether another complaint would be brought. The existing system whereby European patents are enforced separately in each member state will continue for the foreseeable future.”. The Court said that a two-thirds majority of the Bundestag was required. T +44 (0)20 7400 8000. www.bristows.com Even if the BVerfG dismisses these complaints, or upholds them in such a way as to permit a further attempt to ratify, surely the delay is going to do terminal damage to this attempt at a common patent and court system? It would also follow the long tradition in Europe of kicking into the long grass the tricky issues that arise with unitary patents (and a unified patent court). Response to Pro Say (comment 5): that merits another article! If the panel does not approve their choice the parties may request that the case be referred to the central division. German law makers voted to pass legislation in early 2017 to ratify the UPC Agreement, an international treaty that provides for the establishment of a new UPC system – that is a multi-jurisdictional judicial … By signing an international treaty with the UK as signatory, Germany is ignoring Brexit, and will violate EU law. It means that in oral proceedings before a local or regional court the hearing can take place in the local/regional language. In its Art 6 it is stated that “everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing …. It is difficult to give a figure for an EPLA “light” or for CANZUK. Die h.M. gesteht dem Bundespräsidenten ein solches Prüfungsrecht zu. Here, we are told, the given reason is because “two complaints have been filed”. Is a system of multinational litigation setling useful and viable? And that, by itself is enough? That position (illegality under EU law) was something I personally never believed withstood proper analysis, but some states were put off that route as a result of the EU’s bald assertion of illegality. Notably, Spain and Poland decided not to participate. Unless the FCC throws out the complaints as inadmissible or manifestly unfounded in the short term, it means the ratification of the UPCA in Germany could be delayed severely once more. Come on, FCC, engage the brain and do your job properly, in a way that preserves respect for the institution (rather than lazily and carelessly squanders it). E.g. Bristows LLP. What I find a bit outrageous independent of the details of the matter at hand is how easily the “will of the people” as expressed by 2/3 majorities in both chambers can be ignored and disregarded by what seems to be a murky gentleman’s agreement. In a decision published today, the German … The arrival of the Unified Patent Court (UPC) and the Unitary Patent (UP) may have come a step closer following the resolution of a long running court battle in Germany.Following this decision, the German government announced a consultation on the legislation required for Germany to ratify the UPC Agreement which, if passed, could bring the new system into force in 2021. The UK should try to get something going. Even the point you offer in your last response indicates that the picture must be far more complex. Why is there no preliminary injunction issued by the court preventing the Federal Presiding form sigining the bills? A spokesperson for German federal president Frank-Walter Steinmeier has told JUVE Patent that Steinmeier is currently waiting to execute the UPC law. If the UPC package is too hard to swallow, then why doesn’t Europe break it down into parts and swallow the easy bits first. In my legal cosmos I would pretty much call this a full success. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Several of these do align. See e.g. The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany (the FCC) has delivered its decision on the complaint against the German ratification of the Agreement on the Unified Patent Court (UP-CA). Let’s face it, the UPC is no more than a further source of profit for internationally active litigation firms helping the big industry. The attractivity lies in reducing the number of national parallel litigations, which will still happen with the UPC. The Court’s press release states that sovereign powers should only be conferred in ways provided for by the Basic Law: “An act of approval to an international treaty that has been adopted in violation thereof cannot provide democratic legitimation for the exercise of public authority by the EU or any other international institution supplementary to or otherwise closely tied to the EU.”. The first constitutional complaint against UPCA ratification in Germany was filed in March 2017. But Germany is not a kind of banana republic, where one guy just calls another one and that’s it. An EU patent (to complement the already up and running EU RTM and Reg Des regime) would help towards that objective. A message from the Preparatory Committee Chair, Alexander Ramsay – March 2020 . Make an appointment with us . The explanatory note for the new ratification bill expresses no more than the wishes of the lawyers lobbying for a quick start of the UPC, as they expect to fill their pockets. Law360, London (March 20, 2020, 7:33 PM GMT) -- The German Constitutional Court on Friday tossed the government's decision to join the European Union 's … To their big disappointment, the FCC accepted that a patent granted in one official language of the EPO can be valid in France even if it is not translated into French. To be viable the fees have been set at a level which does not allow SMEs to use it, but they would be under the permanent threat of the big industry. Bristows LLP. Unified Patent Court Germany hastens second ratification of Unified Patent Court. Then at least we know that it is really the intention of the senate and not perhaps just some clerk in the court or a single judge pretending to speak for the senate who made a phone call. The UPC had been broadly supported by industry and patent practitioners in Europe, who believed that, in combination with the proposed unitary patent, it would make it simpler to protect and enforce patents in Europe. The Federal Constitutional Court has published its list of decisions for 2019. In the recent years all the big talks about the usefulness of the UPC for SMEs have vanished. Why is it suddenly necessary for a patent granted in French to be translated into English when it should be valid in France or in Germany? Please read the full decision. Readers may recall that Germany was not involved in that proposed optional protocol. The Unitary Patent and the Unified Patent Court are the building blocks which will supplement and strengthen the existing centralised European patent granting system. (BVerfG, Beschluss des Zweiten Senats vom 13. It’s as if you completely missed the point of my post at 6, and want to ONLY see what you have already seen (function of pan-European litigation outfits) and ignore the reality that MANY different forces are at work in our world. Where are compelling the figures showing the economic necessity of a system like the UPC? The whole situation was complicated further when the German Constitutional Court ruled in March that the nation's ratification of the UPC was unconstitutional – the way the German parliament had approved the patent court, back in 2017, was insufficiently representative. What good would it bring besides the hope of filling the pockets of a firm like yours? UPC – Progress on German ratification. The German Federal Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht - BVerfG) has informed the press (see here and here) that last Friday two constitutional complaints (cases 2 BvR 2216/20 and 2 BvR 2217/20) were filed against the draft legislation enabling Germany to ratify the Unified Patent Court (UPC) Agreement and its Protocol on Provisional Application. SME case studies When will the Unitary Patent system start? They are hesitant to interfere in the legislative power, thus they kindly ask to NOT sign, when there is a probable chance the complainant wins. Preliminary injunctions cannot be used for a law that has not been passed. Being generous the average number of validations of a granted EP lies between 5 and 7 and this for all its member states..With UPC member states the figure is lower. But I’m right with you there as, I think, should be every self-respecting and upright lawyer or patent attorney. And of course, not one bit of progress has been made in the meantime regarding the issues which have been repeatedly pointed out elsewhere, notably the fact that the Protocol on Privileges and Immunities EXPLICITLY REQUIRES the United Kingdom’s ratification, which will never come about. German law makers have given the Unified Patent Court (UPC) project fresh impetus by passing legislation that is necessary to enable the proposed court system to become operational. Unified Patent Court BREAKING: German Constitutional Court upholds UPC complaint. Furthermore the problematic removal of democratic oversight for amending the contract. 173). Summary: Not “Russian agents” but concerned European citizens are beginning to see the truth behind the Unified Patent Court, which the ‘media’ has wrongly called “Unitary Patent Court” three times in 2 days. Once the German ratification procedure is complete, it's anticipated that the final preparatory steps could be taken to set up the Unitary Patent Court in 2021. Page 12 of 12. The goal of bringing the Unified Patent Court into operation moves an important step closer this evening with the news from Germany that the Bundestag has voted on and approved the legislation for the Agreement on the Unified Patent Court and its Protocol on the provisional application. Unified Patent Court BREAKING: German Constitutional Court upholds UPC complaint. In my humble opinion a system like the UPC is neither needed on a purely economic basis nor viable. Other points, like the independence of the judges and their designation have been dismissed as not being sufficiently substantiated. The will is burning still but, James, I think, only in the hearts of certain pan-European litigation outfits lawyering up seriously for practice before the UPC. The times of “Improver” have long gone, and even then, it was only the UKSC who took an opposite view to that of the rest of the jurisdictions in EU member states. Aktualisiert am 13.01.2021-16:54 Bildbeschreibung einblenden. Which the president can ignore and sign anyway. Warning & Disclaimer: The pages, articles and comments on IPWatchdog.com do not constitute legal advice, nor do they create any attorney-client relationship. But if the usefulness of the UPC was doubtful with on average at most five validations in its member states, the situation would be worse with an EPLA “light”. I would suggest that you stop trying to take people for a ride and start engaging in a truthful and open-minded discussion instead of pushing shallow propaganda. Yesterday (10 September 2020) the UPC Preparatory Committee met (albeit virtually) for the first time since March 2017. To those who are concerned about the democratic legitimacy (and potential for abuse) of the “gentleman’s agreement” between the FCC and the Bundespräsident, I would merely point out that there are other areas where the grounds for concern are MUCH greater… for example, the provisions of the UPC Agreement (for reasons elucidated in the 2017 complaint) or the “dynamic” interpretation standard adopted by the EBA in G 3/19 (which has been rightly criticised for undermining democratic legitimacy and the separation of powers). According to Art 49(3) UPCA, the parties may agree on the use of the language in which the patent was granted as the language of proceedings, subject to approval by the competent panel. However, will a logical and sensible approach that maximises the benefit to society secure the same kind of powerful and persuasive backing that the UP package attracted? They agreed on ratification without having received the necessary information. To my knowledge, this instrument is not foreseen in any law in Germany. Nicht unumstritten ist hingegen das materielle Prüfungsrecht des Bundespräsidenten, nach dem er die Ausfertigung des Gesetzes auch verweigern dürfte, wenn ein Gesetz materiell nicht mit der Verfassung in Einklang steht. I can think of reasons why this might not happen … but certainly not any reasons that reflect well on the legal industry. Of course some persons in the executive of a country (not Germany) may find such restraints inconvenient and prefer to follow blatantly illegal procedures requiring a unanimous chastisement from the highest court in the land. One was accepted by the court, therefore nullification was granted as requested and to the full extent requested. Pity my country. Is the UPC … That the lawyers involved get on top the support of the European Commission is adding insult to injury. My sense of this decision is that it is the FCC recognising this reality and quietly and unostentatiously putting the UPCA to sleep. The EPO has invented the best way to adjudicate it. Is your statement at 12 a retrenchment from the usual proselytizing that ‘best way is the EPO way’ and that all Sovereigns (especially the US Sovereign) would be better by adopting that ‘EPO way?’. Today the Bundesrat (Federal Council) approved the draft legislation which will enable Germany to ratify the Unified Patent Court (UPC) Agreement and its Protocol on Provisional Application (PPA). German Constitutional Court Recruitment for UPC judges raises new speculation. 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